Harm and Benefits The most fundamental consideration in undertaking research involving children is deciding whether the research actually needs to be done, if children need to be involved in it and in what capacity. Accordingly, at the very outset of the research process researchers need to engage with critical issues regarding the purpose of the research and the impact that participating in the research may have on children in terms of potential harm and possible benefits. Informed consent is an explicit agreement which requires participants to be informed about, and have an understanding of, the research. This must be given voluntarily and be renegotiable, so that children may withdraw at any stage of the research process.
What is the relationship between confidentiality certificates and mandatory reporting requirements?
The panel also selected several legal issues for review, although the scope of effort in this area was limited by the composition of the panel and the mandate of the study. As a result, the issue of children's rights in the context of adult relationships is not thoroughly explored in this study, even though this issue can be an integral aspect of research efforts.
Comprehensive reviews of legal issues in the field of child maltreatment have recently been published see, for example, Myers,but such reviews focus primarily on legal issues associated with the treatment of child abuse cases within administrative agencies and the courts rather than research studies.
The questions noted above are not completely resolved in the following discussion, but the panel has identified areas in which further research may assist in their resolution. Framework Of Analysis Ethical and legal issues that require consideration in formulating a research agenda for studies of child maltreatment fall within the following three categories: Research with human subjects involves a Ethical issues in child observations set of ethical and legal issues, associated with many different types of scientific studies and investigations, including experimental, field, and clinical research, surveys, observational studies, and interviews Levine, ; Sieber, b; Stanley and Sieber, The particularly vulnerable and dependent status of children places special obligations on research investigators, including greater protections for the child's privacy, confidentiality, and autonomy Levine, ; Melton, The developmental status of the child requires special consideration, since differences in the maturity between a preschool child and an adolescent may alter their needs for protection Thompson, Scientists involved in child maltreatment studies must confront ethical and legal questions similar to those that arise on other socially sensitive topics that sometimes include criminal activities, such as research on substance abuse behaviors, prostitution, sexual behaviors, and violence.
Page Share Cite Suggested Citation: Understanding Child Abuse and Neglect. The National Academies Press. Such issues should be raised explicitly now to strengthen this area of empirical study and to inform the development of policies, regulations, and legislation that may affect subject rights and researcher obligations.
The panel anticipates that ethical and legal issues will gain increasing prominence with the growth of research activities on child maltreatment, especially as researchers acquire the ability and resources to conduct long-term prospective studies of nonclinical samples involving large numbers of children and families.
Appropriate consideration of such issues can strengthen the integrity of research on child maltreatment. Disregard for these issues can disrupt research investigations and can stimulate additional legislative or bureaucratic requirements that could diminish the scope or creativity of future efforts.
Consequently, the panel's research agenda includes topics that can foster greater understanding and possible resolution of difficult ethical or legal issues in child maltreatment research.
Issues In Research On Human Subjects Three fundamental principles have guided the ethical framework for research on human subjects: In most cases, these principles are mutually reinforcing and potential conflicts can be resolved by appropriate research designs and informed consent procedures Levine, But at times, value conflicts and ethical dilemmas can arise.
For example, a scientist might be uncertain whether to emphasize the principle of beneficence or respect for persons in determining whether or not to disclose to a parent information revealed by a child, especially if the child is an adolescent.Ethical Issues in Community Interventions; Section 6.
Promoting the Adoption and Use of Best Practices People who work with young children, or in child protective services; Lawyers and paralegals; Mediators; Ethical behavior in community interventions relates to the treatment of people, information, and money, and to the general actions.
Ethical issues in ’observational research’ arising from the study of feeding problems in neonates with meconium-stained amniotic fluid reported in Paediatrics & Child Health.
The goal of the study was to determine whether feeding problems are more frequent in neonates with meconium-stained amniotic fluid. or may be created. Ethical issues in ’observational research’ or may be created prospectively. Nonroutine interventions may have been unplanned or designed prospectively.
The observations may be reported individually, or in aggregated and analyzed forms. Articles from Paediatrics & Child Health are provided here courtesy of Pulsus Group.
Formats. Anticipating issues; Ethics and project staffing; Permission and approval: Legal requirements research that uses observation varies in form – with corresponding variations in the ethics questions raised.
and all the researchers involved in the research - are clear about your legal and ethical responsibilities regarding what you . Ethical issues involving children – Policy statement 3 of 4 Risks to Child Safety through New Media Outlets New media services resulting from the growth of the internet offer new opportunities for child.
The following Ethical Guidelines for Observational Studies (the Guidelines) are intended to facilitate high-quality studies, protect the interests of participants and underpin public assurance of good study conduct.