From a cost perspective p. What the global economy would look like with nature on the balance sheet What is the world worth?
Genetic counselors learn from our clients.
The cases provide structure for self-reflection, skills development and consideration of various approaches for dealing with different cultures and health beliefs. We developed 9 cases, each linked fundamentally to the genetic counseling process. We hope that exploration of the genetic Issues related to genetic diversity process in this manner allows prospective genetic counseling students and other health care providers who may be unfamiliar with the field to gain insight into what happens in a genetic counseling session.
To challenge experienced genetic counselors, we have enhanced the case studies with reflective questions, information about health disparities, citations of related legislation, cultural identity development, applications of cultural assessment tools, and other information and activities.
We also tapped into the expertise of members of our profession by including an Expert Commentary for each case.
Gaining cultural competence typically includes enhancing the triad of knowledge, skills and attitudes. According to the model offered by Dr. Josepha Campinha-Bacote Transcultural C. We hope that the GCCCT stimulates the desire to explore various aspects of diversity, to build cultural competence knowledge, awareness and skills, and to continue learning and growing, both as professionals and as individuals.
The flexible online navigation allows users to read through cases from beginning to end, or to select topics of interest for focused reflection and study. Click on a step in the genetic counseling process below to launch a case, which will open in a new window.
Move through each case by using the menu of topics on the left side of each case, or by using the numbered pages on the bottom of the case webpages. Click on Main Menu to return to this page.
However, to access the live links and resources, and the Expert Commentaries, you will need to review the case online. Case Preparation involves reviewing all relevant information about the client and the indication for genetic counseling prior to the session.
In this case, the genetic counselor meets with Mary, a prenatal client with intellectual disabilities, and her mother. The case explores issues of autonomy, legal rights, and support for individuals with intellectual disabilities.
The genetic counselor must consider who should be present and what topics should be covered in the genetic counseling session.
Contracting refers to initiating the genetic counseling session, eliciting client concerns and expectations, and establishing the agenda.
In this pediatric case, Julie is a new genetic counselor who wants to use her Spanish language skills to counsel a family originally from Mexico.
Eliciting Medical History implies the eliciting of pertinent medical information including pregnancy, developmental and medical histories, and environmental exposures. In this case, Bianca Lynn is a pregnant prisoner seen for genetic counseling due to an abnormal ultrasound.
The genetic counselor explores her personal emotional biases and general lack of knowledge about prisoners and the prison environment. These biases lead to making assumptions about the client and negatively impact rapport in the session. In this case, a lesbian couple seeks genetic counseling related to advanced maternal age in an IVF pregnancy.
The case explores historical and personal issues related to homophobia and the implications for clients. In this cancer genetic counseling case, Jean is referred for counseling due to a family history of breast cancer.
The intake form indicates that Jean is Deaf and the session will be facilitated by an ASL interpreter. The case explores the challenges of managing risk assessment and risk counseling with a Deaf client, discusses the importance of non-verbal communication and how nonverbal cues may be misinterpreted, and demonstrates how the PRACTICE mnemonic can be helpful in guiding the content of the culturally responsive genetic counseling session.
This case explores issues in genetic counseling refugees, specifically the family of Asad, an eight year old with sickle cell disease. The genetic counselor must appreciate the challenges posed to clients who enter the U.Inbreeding is the production of offspring from the mating or breeding of individuals or organisms that are closely related genetically.
By analogy, the term is used in human reproduction, but more commonly refers to the genetic disorders and other consequences that may arise from expression of deleterious or recessive traits resulting from incestuous sexual relationships and consanguinity.
Whatever the reasons, lack of genetic diversity in plants, animals and humans is an issue that can be dealt with, at least in theory, by genetic engineering. We should be accelerating research into how best to utilize this powerful technology to address such problems.
Available in English and Spanish, the Forest Genetic Resources Training Guideis a tool for teaching and learning about forest genetic resources issues in formal education or on-the-job training.
Through its modules, you will learn about the links between sustainable forest management and forest genetic resources, covering areas such as conservation strategies, trees outside forests, seed. Genetic diversity of sorghum (left) and millet (right) illustrates the potential of plant breeding.
Genetic diversity within a population refers to the number of different alleles (the alternate forms of genes) of all genes and the frequency with which they appear.
Variation is high when there are many different alleles of all. Among the ethical issues of surrogacy is the exploitation of the poor who donate sperms and eggs for surrogate parents who have the wherewithal to have test tube babies and to determine the genetic make-up of these babies.
The biological aspect above focused on ancestry and history. But this is not academic detail. The history of a population affects it genome, and its genome effects the nature of its traits and.