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Detailed explanation of unipolar and bipolar depression plus increased risk of suicide with bipolar depression. They share the symptoms of sadness, hopelessness, pessimism, anxiety and sleep problems, but at some point, Unipolar Depression and Bipolar Depression go off in very different directions.
It is important to make this distinction because the treatments for the two depressions are very different. Failure to make an accurate diagnosis can result in treatments that are ineffective or that can even make the condition worse.
This article will cover the sometimes subtle and often not so subtle symptoms of each type of depression and then give management tips that can be used for Bipolar Depression. Mood disorders make it difficult for a person to regulate their moods- which is why so many people with depression often hear that they should just get control of their emotions and not be so sensitive and negative!
There are two types of mood disorders: Unipolar Depression and Bipolar Disorder. Both are considered genetic disorders and they share many symptoms. There is also a form of depression called situational depression, where a person becomes depressed due to a specific event and then goes back to a stable mood once the event and its aftermath is over.
This article focuses on Unipolar Depression and Bipolar Depression. The biology of these disorders is different, effective treatments are different, and in some respects the symptoms are also different.
Both forms of depression can be very severe and carry a risk of suicide. However, the underlying difference is that people with Bipolar Depression also experience episodes of either mania or hypomania.
If you imagine a puzzle with a hundred pieces, depression itself would take up half of the pieces in Bipolar Depression. The rest would be puzzle pieces that represent Bipolar disorder symptoms that can go along with the depression including mania, a high level of anxiety, aggression, ADHD and OCD symptoms, psychosis, rapid cycling, agitation, and often mixed episodes.
Diagnostic Differences Most cases of Bipolar Depression often have excessive sleeping and a lot of daytime fatigue. There is an increased appetite and weight gain. In contrast, people with Depression tend to wake up often throughout the night and may also experience early morning awakening e.
Although some people who experience Depression may have increases in appetite and weight gain, it is more common to have a loss of appetite and weight loss.
Bipolar Depression is much more likely to be accompanied by stronger symptoms of anxiety. One-half to two-thirds of people with Bipolar Depression have a co-occurring anxiety disorder such as obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder or social anxiety disorder.
And, of course, this is all complicated with the extra symptoms such as mania and psychosis that come with Bipolar Depression.MEDLINE Abstract.
Printer-Friendly Differences between bipolar and unipolar depression on Rorschach testing. important issue related to the diagnosis and treatment of mood disorders, but.
One finding of particular importance was that bipolar depressed subjects, like bipolar manic and unlike unipolar depressed subjects, showed a high level of cognitive slippage. These results suggest that the Rorschach possesses utility in the differential diagnosis of affective disorders.
This unitarian view of bipolar disorder codified a distinction between bipolar depression and unipolar depression, even though episodes of depression are common to bipolar and unipolar disorders. This assumption that bipolar and unipolar depressions are distinct .
The bipolar-unipolar distinction in patients with a major depressive episode is the most important issue related to the diagnosis and treatment of mood disorders, but remains unresolved. This study was undertaken to compare bipolar and unipolar depression on .
The Use of the Rorschachto Differentiate Unipolar and Bipolar Disorders. Journal of Personality Assessment.
60, The article begins by stating that the DSM-III-R, the most current issue at the time, divides affective disorders into 2 categories: unipolar and bipolar.
Those with unipolar disorders only experience depressive episodes. Patients with bipolar disorder are misdiagnosed with various other disorders, including schizophrenia, anxiety disorders, borderline or antisocial personality disorder, or substance abuse disorder, but most are misdiagnosed with major depressive disorder (unipolar depression).
remains the best strategy for clinicians to differentiate.